About Copyright Purpose of Copyright In general, copyright is a form of legal protection given to content creators through the assignment of specific rights to works that qualify for protection.
As a teacher, you may notice that students now have more of an intuition about the concept, given everything that they hear about music piracy, online plagiarism, and other intellectual property issues that might actually affect them.
Teachers are not exempt from Understanding the copyright aspects of software laws, and you have to be careful about the materials you use in your classroom as well as be prepared to answer any questions that your students might have.
One way to look at copyright is that it is a gift from the government to creators of original work. Copyright along with trademark and patents is part of a legal concept called intellectual property—which basically bestows some of the legal protections given to tangible property like possessions and land to intangible things like a song or a book.
This means that you can get in just as much trouble for stealing someone's song as you can for stealing her purse. Here in the United States, copyright is actually a codified right in the Constitution: As a general rule, unless you see explicitly that something isn't for example, if it has a notice that it has been released under Creative Commons, or is part of the public domainthen you should assume that any original, creative work is copyrighted.
Copyright holders don't have to go through any special process to get copyright—it is conferred automatically at the moment of creation though you can register your copyright, just for extra protection.
And sincethe copyright symbol or phrases like "all rights reserved" are no longer necessary. Does Copyright Protection Last Forever? The term of protection has changed quite a bit over the years. Most recently, inthe Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act extended copyright protection to the duration of the author's life plus seventy years.
After that period is up, the work goes into the public domain, which means that it is public property and available for use by anyone. This is especially important for English teachers to know, because it means that many of the literary works that you may want to study pretty much anything before the 20th century can be used and distributed in any way you like.
The Copyright Act gives five exclusive rights to the creators of a work: But wait… what about when you show educational films to your class? Or when you distribute photocopies from books? Or when you use clip-art on a Powerpoint slide? Luckily, the Copyright Act contains a special exception for the educational use of copyrighted materials.
This is part of the "fair use" rule, and it allows someone other than the copyright holder to make limited use of a copyrighted work without permission for purposes such as teaching, research, scholarship, criticism, parody and news reporting.
However, it is very important for teachers to understand just how this exception works, and how much "limited use" they can get away with. The next article in this series about copyright law for teachers will examine "fair use" more closely. Fair Use You may have heard about fair use in the news before now; the popular Harry Potter series engendered several lawsuits.
However, whereas the law is pretty fuzzy when it comes to cases in which there is a new creative work profiting from material in the original work, it is not quite as complicated when it comes to educational use.
Copyright laws for teachers, however, are important matters to understand. This is what allows scholarship, review, commentary, and criticism of works. You can reproduce something for the purpose of analyzing or criticizing it, and fair use also specifically allows for multiple classroom copies of a work.BOOKCOMP, Inc.
— Health Administration Press / Page iii / 3rd proof / Understanding Healthcare Financial Management 5th ed. / Gapenski [-3], (3) Lines: to The "Negative Effects" of Open Source and Free Software Licensing Another effect of open source and free software licensing that has already been touched upon is the obstacle that violations - Selection from Understanding Open Source and Free Software Licensing [Book].
Written code is copyrighted: you own what you write. With this information, you should have a strong understanding of how copyright and licenses work, why they exist and what they achieve. Ignorance of copyright — as of any law — is no excuse. By understanding it, we can take advantage of the wealth of creative.
The Directive on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (/29/EC) had two main objectives: reflect technological developments in copyright law in Europe and transpose into European law the provisions contained in the two WIPO treaties of Computer software, or simply software, is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work.
This is in contrast to physical hardware, Meanwhile, American copyright law was applied to various aspects of the writing of the software code.
Intellectual property: protection and enforcement The WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), negotiated during the Uruguay Round, introduced intellectual property rules into the multilateral trading system for the first time.