For National Professional Social Work Month, we took an informal survey of some of our advisors and contributors on what they consider to be the top five social justice issues facing social workers today.
Effects of alcohol on the body Early signs The risk of alcohol dependence begins at Problems facing human services clients levels of drinking and increases directly with both the volume of alcohol consumed and a pattern of drinking larger amounts on an occasionto the point of intoxication, which is sometimes called "binge drinking".
Young adults are particularly at risk of engaging in binge drinking. Additionally, in pregnant women, alcohol can cause fetal alcohol syndrome. Alcoholism is characterised by an increased tolerance to alcohol—which means that an individual can consume more alcohol—and physical dependence on alcohol, which makes it hard for an individual to control their consumption.
The physical dependency caused by alcohol can lead to an affected individual having a very strong urge to drink alcohol. A depressed mood is a common symptom of heavy alcohol drinkers. Short-term effects of alcohol Drinking enough to cause a blood alcohol concentration BAC of 0.
A BAC of 0. A BAC from 0. With all alcoholic beverages, drinking while drivingoperating an aircraft or heavy machinery increases the risk of an accident; many countries have penalties for drunk driving. Long-term effects See also: Long-term effects of alcohol consumption Having more than one drink a day for women or two drinks for men increases the risk of heart disease, high blood pressureatrial fibrillationand stroke.
Other physical effects include an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseasemalabsorptionalcoholic liver diseaseand several cancers. Damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system can occur from sustained alcohol consumption.
Additionally, women have a higher mortality rate from alcoholism than men. Additionally, heavy drinking over time has been found to have a negative effect on reproductive functioning in women. This results in reproductive dysfunction such as anovulationdecreased ovarian mass, problems or irregularity of the menstrual cycleand early menopause.
Equal dosages of alcohol consumed by men and women generally result in women having higher blood alcohol concentrations BACssince women generally have a higher percentage of body fat and therefore a lower volume of distribution for alcohol than men, and because the stomachs of men tend to metabolize alcohol more quickly.
Severe cognitive problems are common; approximately 10 percent of all dementia cases are related to alcohol consumption, making it the second leading cause of dementia. The social skills that are impaired by alcohol abuse include impairments in perceiving facial emotions, prosody perception problems and theory of mind deficits; the ability to understand humour is also impaired in alcohol abusers.
The most prevalent psychiatric symptoms are anxiety and depression disorders.
Problems facing Human Service There are a range of problems that human services clients face. Many of the problems are linked to one another. Poverty, lack of education, lack of employment, lack of medications being taken and the lack of doctor’s visits are all problems that are being faced. Human Services Department Washington County Human Services Department will, with dignity and respect, offer responsive and effective community programs to individuals and families challenged by disability, economic hardship and safety concerns. The Next Generation of. Human Services: REALIZING THE VISION. A Report from the. Human Services Summit it illuminates the challenges facing human services – complicated The focus is on addressing the root causes of client needs and problems by coordinating and integrating services at .
Psychiatric symptoms usually initially worsen during alcohol withdrawal, but typically improve or disappear with continued abstinence. Women who have alcohol-use disorders often have a co-occurring psychiatric diagnosis such as major depressionanxietypanic disorderbulimiapost-traumatic stress disorder PTSDor borderline personality disorder.
Social effects See also: Drug-related crime Serious social problems arise from alcoholism; these dilemmas are caused by the pathological changes in the brain and the intoxicating effects of alcohol.
Drinking at inappropriate times and behavior caused by reduced judgment can lead to legal consequences, such as criminal charges for drunk driving  or public disorder, or civil penalties for tortious behavior, and may lead to a criminal sentence.
This isolation can lead to marital conflict and divorceor contribute to domestic violence. For example, they can become afraid of their parents, because of their unstable mood behaviors. In addition, they can develop considerable amount of shame over their inadequacy to liberate their parents from alcoholism.
As a result of this failure, they develop wretched self-images, which can lead to depression. The poster states "Ah! When will we [the nation] abolish alcohol? With repeated heavy consumption of alcohol, these receptors are desensitized and reduced in number, resulting in tolerance and physical dependence.
This can result in symptoms that include anxietylife-threatening seizuresdelirium tremenshallucinations, shakes and possible heart failure.
The acute withdrawal phase can be defined as lasting between one and three weeks. In the period of 3—6 weeks following cessation increased anxiety, depression, as well as sleep disturbance, is common;  fatigue and tension can persist for up to 5 weeks as part of the post-acute withdrawal syndrome ; about a quarter of alcoholics experience anxiety and depression for up to 2 years.
These post-acute withdrawal symptoms have also been demonstrated in animal models of alcohol dependence and withdrawal. Individuals who have had multiple withdrawal episodes are more likely to develop seizures and experience more severe anxiety during withdrawal from alcohol than alcohol-dependent individuals without a history of past alcohol withdrawal episodes.
The kindling effect leads to persistent functional changes in brain neural circuits as well as to gene expression. For example, the CIWA-Ar objectifies alcohol withdrawal symptoms in order to guide therapy decisions which allows for an efficient interview while at the same time retaining clinical usefulness, validity, and reliability, ensuring proper care for withdrawal patients, who can be in danger of death.
It is not entirely clear whether this association is causal, and some researchers have been known to disagree with this view. Cortical degeneration due to the neurotoxic effects increases impulsive behaviour, which may contribute to the development, persistence and severity of alcohol use disorders.
There is evidence that with abstinence, there is a reversal of at least some of the alcohol induced central nervous system damage. Males had higher rates than females for all measures of drinking in the past month: For example, there are differences between African, East Asian and Indo-racial groups in how they metabolize alcohol.The Next Generation of.
Human Services: REALIZING THE VISION. A Report from the.
Human Services Summit it illuminates the challenges facing human services – complicated The focus is on addressing the root causes of client needs and problems by coordinating and integrating services at .
Rebecca Kaiser, LPC. I believe that the problems we experience in life have solutions and I will work with you to help you find them! You may not realize that those solutions lie within yourself and by actively listening to you, giving feedback and suggestions, I can help bring them to your awareness.
The trusting, confidential and caring counselling relationship that occurs between your psychologist and you is a very important part of working through your issues. Improving the District Approach to Benefits Connections: A more targeted partnership around SOAR.
The District has a new approach to ensuring clients experiencing homelessness have access to the vital benefits they are entitled to.
So then, the definition of Human Services is a service that is provided to people in order to help them stabilize their life and find self-sufficiency through guidance, counseling, treatment and the providing for of basic needs.
We believe in the power of creativity to solve complex problems. For over 18 years Human Creative has provided creative solutions and innovative thinking, working closely with clients from a wide range of sectors to help them achieve their goals.