Drawing on 47 semistructured interviews with media personnel and questionnaires completed by supporters at 4 football clubs, this article assesses the organizational structure of clubs in dealing with the media and supporters and the level of depen- dence between clubs and the external media. The results highlight changes in the organizational structure of clubs and their strategies for external communication, as well as the contrasting relationships between football clubs and the external media. As ownership and personnel changes occur, clubs should remember the importance of the 2-way relationships they are in with supporters and the media. Those in the media were arguably the most dramatic.
Youth Volunteer Measures Inspired by the constructs created by Kikulis, Slack, Hinings and Zimmerman and Slack and Hinings a list of interview questions was created that were considered to reflect the three structural dimensions of organizational structure.
The concept of specialization was operationalized using questions regarding the extent of the administrative and operative roles together with the division between these.
The operationalization of standardization involved questions about efforts made to reduce variations in procedures and to promote coordination. The centralization concept was operationalized through questions regarding where decisions are made and how the decision making is distributed.
Oldman and Hackman where the president or someone similar provided data on organizational structures for the employees to relate to, the present study assumes organizational structure to be partly a function of the perceptions of the organizational members in question.
It follows with this line of argument that organizational structure is not seen as a constant variable for the interviewees to relate to but as a perceptual concept constructed by each interviewee.
Instead, interviewees were asked to speak freely about organizational structures. This procedure made it possible to explore both links in the Job-Modification Framework, 1 the relationship between organizational structure and job characteristics and 2 the relationship between job characteristics and individual perceptions.
It also allowed for organizational structures to having a direct effect on individual perceptions regardless of any relationships they might have with job characteristics cf.
The interviews were recorded, transcribed in full and then coded for anonymity.
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Interview data were analyzed using the techniques outlined by Stake Results The results are presented according to organizational position with regard to hierarchical position, the distinction of line or staff, paid or volunteer, as shown in Table 1.
The quotations should be read as examples and illustrations of the opinions found in the data rather than complete reflections of all opinions. Quotations are taken from both respondents in each position without any given order.
The Board Member Position on Specialization I have worked to move the daily operations down to the office. The club has gotten to large to for [us] voluntary forces to run the daily and operative business. I want the financial committee to function more as a sounding board for XX and YY [two individuals working in paid staff positions] who need to take the day-to-day responsibility.
The Board Member Position on Standardization First of all, you need to have your heart in the club and be interested in ice hockey. In my position I think it is good to have [a degree in business administration].
Issues like balancing the books or discussing things with accountants would be difficult otherwise. The general level of expertise needs to be raised.
Documented routines are important. I do not see them as paper tigers, I see them as documents that are observed. Who should authorize payments, orders, investments. We try to do things in a corporate way even if we are a club.Helping my child develop good organisational skills-to manage timetables and lockers Providing a good learning space for my child at home Helping my child study/testing my child before an exam.
Intelligence Organization Stationing Study definition, categories, type and other relevant information provided by All Acronyms. IOSS stands for Intelligence Organization Stationing Study. IOSS stands for Intelligence Organization Stationing Study (also I'm On Setanta Sports and 29 more).
Helping my child develop good organisational skills-to manage timetables and lockers Providing a good learning space for my child at home Helping my child study/testing my child before an exam.
Setanta goes into administration By Tara Craig on 24 Jun in Insolvency, Economics, government & business, Employment law, Latest News, Redundancy Irish sports broadcaster Setanta has gone into receivership with the . We created USA Sport and Study because we want to be of help to young people who want to experience the path of their passions and professional development without compromise.
More We offer personal expertise with the admissions process and the environment of American universities, academies, prep schools, and summer camps. A sports-related study’s findings recently presented at the UK’s Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health’s annual conference may have you re-thinking what you're putting into your on.