However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage.
Nationalism, the sense of belonging to a particular state, has nowadays become an extremely effective and pervasive a force in the political life of mankind. Nationalism has not only influenced the formation of nation-states but I. Nationalism did not exist in the past, at least in the form in which we find it today.
It was during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that nationalism came to be a distinctive force to reckon with. Nationalism is usually defined as a sentiment of a group of people, united together by powerful ties and bonds—such as, common race, living in contiguous and well-defined territory, having the same faith, common language, and common economy, a common pattern of life, a common history and a common ideal for the future.
A group of people, when united together by- such ties, seeks expression and development of its group of collective personality through independent political organisation of its own.
Nationalism is defined as the sentiment of nationhood, in reality it is more than a mere sentiment. Originating in the gregarious group forming instinct of man and nourished by the rational desire for self-sufficiency, nationalism has in the present century, come to be a very dynamically active force in practical politics.
As Lord Morley remarks, nationalism -" "from instinct became idea; from idea, abstract principles; then fervid prepossession; ending where it is today in a dogma.
In the past, empires comprising many nations ultimately disintegrated because of the lack of national feeling that helps and hastens fusion of the component nations into a homogeneous unit.
This is seen in the decline and disintegration of the Moghul Empire in less than two hundred years and, to some extent, of the great Roman Empire. The development of the ideal of nationalism took place in Europe in the seventeenth century. Of the factors contributing to the growth of the sentiment, special, mention must be made of the writings of Machiavelli, the great Italian politician of the l6th century who influenced the nationalist movements in many countries.
The Napoleonic conquest contributed, in no small measure, to the growth of this sentiment uniting the conquered people against French domination.
India had been united politically under the imperial domination of the British, but national fusion was prevented partly by the conflict between the different traditions of India and Islam. But resistance to the British brought out to the surface an identity of mental attitude and economic interests among the different peoples and developed a powerful feeling of nationality throughout the country, leading to the attainment of independence, though after the partition.
Netaji and his INA were the supreme exponent of this flambuoyant nationalism. Nationalism naturally seeks the right of self-determination enunciated by President Wodrow Wilson at the Versailles Conference. This right has had the effect of encouraging and fostering the freedom movement in many countries.
As a result, new nation-states have emerged all over the world. According to the Marxists, nationalism in its present form came in the wake of Bourgeoisie Democratic Revolutions in different countries.
Fascism was the last attempt made to stem this tide of nationalism through extreme anti-sematicism and state-controlled capitalism manifested in dictatorship. Nationalism is essentially a democratic ideal and as such, it is opposed to all those forces, which impede the growth of the group personality of a people.
If individual liberty is recognised as an indispensable condition for the fullest development of all that is good in the individual the liberty of a nation is equally so.
If each nation gets the opportunity of perfecting its own system of law, its civilization and economic life, each will be in a position to contribute its best to enrich the common stock.
The world, as a whole, will be benefited by such mutual give-and-take. Thus, nationalism is a great liberalising force which unifies and elevates and seeks to preserve and promote all that is best in a nation It inspires a spirit of self-confidence in a nation. Nationalism is, no doubt, a magnetic force which attracts like groups.JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
Notes on Nationalism, the essay of George Orwell. First published: May by/in Polemic, GB, London. Looks like I get the first post again.
Hope no one thinks I’m working some dark magic. Just a product of having no life I’m afraid. Having read Nathan Robinson’s article previously, I came to the conclusion that it was saying “You can’t argue against white supremacists”.
FOR some thirty years Mexico was at peace with herself and the world. Her people were law-abiding and respectful of all authority. Her national finance was sound and her credit good. Foreigners and foreign capital were welcomed and accorded generous protection.
Large enterprises received governmental encouragement, and business prospered. Calvin September 9. Wow Reannon, this is the most bitter but bloody honest read I have seen for months since I came to Japan in early June. I feel for your . THE SPIKE. It was late-afternoon.
Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much.