Treatment of Juvenile Delinquency Essay 1.
Children from 6 to 15 months of age were provided with half-day care for 5 days a week. Full-day care Juvenile homicide can be prevented essay provided 5 days a week for children from 15 to 60 months of age.
When the program children were 36 months old, a matched-pair control group was established. The control group children were matched in pairs with program children with respect to age, ethnicity, birth ordinality, sex, family income, family marital status, maternal age, and maternal educational status at the time of the child's birth.
Data on delinquency were collected from probation and court records. Children in the program group were less likely to have been involved in the juvenile justice system than were the control group children.
Only 6 percent of program children, compared with 22 percent of the control children, had been processed as probation cases for delinquent behavior.
Furthermore, the program children had committed less severe offenses than the control children. Although beginning parent training prenatally may be preferable to beginning postnatally, one would expect interventions with parents of infants to have a significant impact on their parenting skills, and thus on the socialization of their children.
Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice. The National Academies Press. At age 2, children from the second intervention group had higher developmental scores, and their mothers had a higher rate of return to work or school and fewer pregnancies compared with the first intervention group and to the no-intervention control group Field et al.
However, at a later follow-up, when the children were between 5 and 8 years of age, no significant differences were observed between children in both intervention groups and those in the control group on academic, behavioral, and socioemotional assessments Stone et al.
Although the investigators assessed only half the families, no significant differences were found between the original sample and those followed up. The authors concluded that the low socioeconomic status of the mothers may have overridden the early positive effects of the interventions.
Results of the Elmira and Syracuse studies that also targeted low-income adolescent mothers suggest that the lack of long-term effects of the Mailman Center program could be due to failure to include a prenatal component and to the short duration of the intervention.
Programs for parents of infants seem to save money in the long run. Most of the reported savings in the Elmira program was due to increased employment and reduced welfare dependence among the mothers in the program.
Karoly and colleagues noted that even more savings may be realized when information is available about employment of the children in the program. Furthermore, their study did not attempt to assign monetary value to other benefits of the program, such as increased IQ or less child abuse.
Savings were not evident for the low-risk families who received services in the Elmira program. More recently, Webster-Stratton administered a parent training program that targeted risk factors for disruptive behavior in Head Start centers. Nine Head Start centers 64 classes were randomly assigned to experimental children and control conditions children.
The 8 to 9 week program focused on teaching effective parenting skills, positive discipline strategies, and ways to strengthen children's social skills and prosocial behaviors to parents of the 4-year-olds attending the Head Start centers.
Groups of parents met weekly for two hours with a trained family service worker and a professional to view videotapes of modeled parenting skills and discuss parent-child interaction. Teachers reported more parental involvement in the children's education and fewer behavior problems among the children whose parents had received the training.
Experiments have tested the impact of quality day care centers on the development of high-risk children. The impact of day care without any other form of intervention, however, is not known because experiments generally include other forms of intervention, such as parent training and medical services.
To the extent that cognitive development, emotional regulation, and peer interaction underlie the development of behavior problems, one would expect that quality day care programs would be an essential component of preventive efforts with at-risk infants and toddlers. The intervention included a high-quality preschool program for 3- and 4-year-olds and home visits by preschool teachers, during which the mothers were taught how to help their children with their preschool activities.
Families were randomly assigned to the preschool or to a control group. At age 27, program participants were significantly less likely to have been arrested than were controls. Program participants also showed other positive outcomes.
They were significantly more likely to have completed high school, earned significantly more money per year, and were significantly more likely to be home owners than members of the control group. The Houston Parent-Child Development Center Project Johnson and Walker, randomly assigned low-income Mexican-American families with healthy 1-year-olds to a treatment or a control group.
The treatment group received home visits by a paraprofessional for the first year of their involvement in the program. During the second year of program involvement, mother and child attended a center-based program four mornings per week.
Mothers received classes in child management, child cognitive development, family communication skills, and other family life topics while children spent time in a nursery school. Teacher assessments of externalizing problems 5 to 8 years after the end of the program, when children were ages 8 to 11, showed a substantial positive impact.Juvenile Offenders Should be Tried as Adults Essay.
During the s and s the system of juvenile justice had been changed drastically across the United States: a substantial share of the crimes committed by juvenile moved to the jurisdiction of the criminal courts. Juvenile crime rates have nearly doubled in many countries. In the news we keep hearing about youngsters got mixed up in shady affairs and committing petty crimes.
What actually is a juvenile crime? It is a term denoting various offences committed by children or youths under the age of Such acts are sometimes referred to as juvenile delinquency. View Essay - Juvenile homicide can be prevented from CJA at Southwestern College.
Introduction For every 12 homicides committed in the United States 1 of them involves a juvenile offender (Howard. View Essay - Juvenile homicide can be prevented from CJA at Southwestern College. Introduction For every 12 homicides committed in the United States 1 of them involves a juvenile offender (Howard.
In fact the social learning theory, general strain theory, and social control theory point to the idea that juvenile homicide can be prevented.
General Statistics Before learning about why juveniles commit homicide, who the juvenile homicide offenders are, and what causes juvenile homicide, it is crucial to understand the basic statistics of juvenile homicide in the United States.
Police authorities in most Western countries pay great attention to prevention of juvenile delinquency, which takes one of the main places in crime prevention activity.
In this paper will be considered the activities of the police to prevent juvenile crime in the U.S., such as the program of social control over rising crime and juvenile delinquency prevention.