He was the son of Alessandro Mussolini, a socialist, and Rosa Maltoni, a devout Catholic schoolteacher.
His father was a blacksmith. Employment prospects in the area were poor so in Mussolini moved to Switzerland, where he became involved in socialist politics.
He returned to Italy inand worked as a journalist in the socialist press, but his support for Italy's entry into World War One led to his break with socialism.
He was drafted into the Italian army in September In MarchMussolini formed the Fascist Party, galvanising the support of many unemployed war veterans. He organised them into armed squads known as Black Shirts, who terrorised their political opponents.
Inthe Fascist Party was invited to join the coalition government. By OctoberItaly seemed to be slipping into political chaos. The Black Shirts marched on Rome and Mussolini presented himself as the only man capable of restoring order.
King Victor Emmanuel invited Mussolini to form a government.
Mussolini gradually dismantled the institutions of democratic government and in made himself dictator, taking the title 'Il Duce'. He set about attempting to re-establish Italy as a great European power.
The regime was held together by strong state control and Mussolini's cult of personality. He provided military support to Franco in the Spanish Civil War. Increasing co-operation with Nazi Germany culminated in the Pact of Steel.
Influenced by Hitler, Mussolini began to introduce anti-Jewish legislation in Italy. His declaration of war on Britain and France in June exposed Italian military weakness and was followed by a series of defeats in North and East Africa and the Balkans. In JulyAllied troops landed in Sicily.
Mussolini was overthrown and imprisoned by his former colleagues in the Fascist government. In September, Italy signed an armistice with the Allies. The German army began the occupation of Italy and Mussolini was rescued by German commandos.
He was installed as the leader of a new government, but had little power. As the Allies advanced northwards through Italy, Mussolini fled towards Switzerland. He was captured by Italian partisans and shot on 28 April Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party.
He ruled Italy as Prime Minister. Known as “Il Duce” — the Leader — Benito Mussolini was the Fascist dictator of Italy during World War II. Benito Mussolini grew active in Italian politics in the first decade of the s. Horoscope and natal chart of Benito Mussolini, born on /07/ you will find in this page an excerpt of the astrological portrait and the interpration of the planetary dominants.
Benito Mussolini was born to a poor family in Predappio, a town in northeastern Italy. His father was a blacksmith who wrote part-time as a socialist journalist, and his mother was a . Mussolini was born on 29 July in Dovia di Predappio, a small town in the province of Forlì in caninariojana.com, during the Fascist era, Predappio was dubbed "Duce's town" and Forlì was called "Duce's city", with pilgrims going to Predappio and Forlì to see the birthplace of Mussolini.